Social Studies Blog Post #3: The Wheels of Revolution


While the English Civil War is a completely different event from other revolutions and conflicts, it follows the same trajectory as them. Both the English Civil War and the American Revolutionary War were sparked by unfair taxes imposed upon the people by their rulers. In the English Civil War, Charles I imposed unfair taxes on coastal towns in order to fund his lavish desires and show off his opulence, while the British also imposed unfair taxes on their colonies to pay off their war debts. This angered the people, who felt they were not entitled to pay these taxes, and moved them to rise up against their rulers. Additionally, in the American Revolutionary War, the English Civil War, the French Revolution, and the Industrial Revolution, the revolutions all resulted in the lower classes gaining more power. All these revolutions resulted in the high class or aristocracy losing power, which further led to the power being passed down the hierarchy. Sometimes this resulted in the creation of the wealthy middle class, such as in the French and Industrial Revolution, while other times, it just meant the lower class gained more civil rights.

The wheel of revolution in the English Civil War doesn’t necessarily end in justice. While the monarch was punished accordingly for his wrongdoings, the government structure of England didn’t really turn democratic; the short-lived Commonwealth of England was basically a military dictatorship, as Cromwell held absolute power and controlled England to his liking. The war initially had negative consequences, as large numbers of people died and the farmers’ lands were burned. Later, however, the effects would prove to be positive. The lower class got more power, the economic system of England changed from feudalism to capitalism, and the gap between the aristocracy and the common folk narrowed. Although initial consequences were negative, the English Civil War would later be resolved and have positive effects for England.

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